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Related post: Ratter, J.A. Notes on the vegetation of Fazenda Agua Limp a. Royal
(1980) Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, Scotalnd. Ill p.
Rizzini, C.T. Arvores e madeiras uteis do Brasil. Manuel de Dendrologia
(1971) Brasileira. Ed. Edgard Blucher Ltda. Ed. da Univ. de
Sao Paulo. S. Paulo. 294 p.
Rizzini, C.T. and Mors, W.B. Botanica Economica Brasileira. EDUSP, E.P.U.
(1976) Sao Paulo. 207 p.
Salomao, A.L.F. and Silva, L. da L. Angico Vermelho. Brasil Florestal. IBDF,
(1982) Brasilia, D.F. 10(41): 45-50.
Tortorelli, L.A. Madeiras & bosques argentinos. Ed. ACME S.A.C.l. 910 p.
PLATE IV. Anacardium humile St. Hil.
Plate IV. Anacardium humile St. Hil.
a) flower; b) androecium; c) cross section of ovary; d) gynaceum; e) fruit.
(From Ratter, J.A. e^ al. exsiccate 2586 and 1130 UB)
MAP 4 - Geographic distribution of Anacardium humile St. Hil.
University of Brasilia
1. BOTANICAL NAME: Anadenanthera colubrina (Vcll.)Brenan var. cebil (Griseb.)Altschul
SYNONYMS: Piptadenia macrocarpa Benth.
Piptadenia microphylla Benth.
Anadenanthera macrocarpa (Benth. )Brenan
FAMILY: Leguminosae subfamily Mimosoideae
COMMON NAMES: Angico, Angico do cerrado, Angico do campo. Angico vermelho
(central Brazil), Arapiraca (eastern Brazil), Parica (Amazonian
Brazil); Acacia virgem, Acacia angico, Cambui, Anchico,
Guarapiraca, Brinco de saqui, Curapay-ra (Argentina); Cyclopentolate Price Cebil bianco,
Cebil Colorado, Curupcey
2. ECOLOGY AND DISTRIBUTION
Anadenanthera colubrina var, cebil occurs in the caatinga of north eastern Brazil,
the cerrados and dry woods of central Brazil and the seasonal deciduous forests from
Maranhao to Sao Paulo, and in the drier, low-mountain forest vegetation types of the
Serra da Mantiqueira plateau. It is frequently found in riparian sites and is Cyclopentolate Hydrochloride sometimes
Its distribution extends from north eastern Brazil to northern Argentina, Peru,
Bolivia and Paraguay (see distribution map).
Deciduous tree, 7-30m high, depending on environmental conditions; trunk straight,
up to 25cm in diameter, often covered with large, warty, woody protuberances when young
which are apparently absent on older trees; bark grey-brown, longitudinally striate or
fissured, exuding a yellowish resin when cut; crown attractively spreading and rounded.
Leaves alternate, bipinnate; stipules Cyclopentolate Eye Drops bristly, soon falling; petiole and rachis 10-30cm
long, petiole with a conspicuous, elliptic, nectarial gland, c.2-3mm long on upper side,
the distal end of the rachis frequently bearing a similar gland; pinnae opposite, up to
30 pairs, 3-8cm long, rachie narrow, usually pilose, each bearing 50-60 pairs or
jf contiguous, linear leaflets 3-6mm long, c.lmm wide, dull or bluish-green, glabrous or
sparsely pilose, petiolules short. Inflorescence a spreading panicle of spherical, many
flowered capitula c. 10-1 5mm in diameter, on short side shoots along the upper leaves;
flowers bisexual, creamy-yellow or white, sessile. Calyx shortly 5-lobed; corolla
tubular, c.2mm long, with 5 deltoid teeth; stamens 10, filaments 5-8mm long, anthers
with a small deciduous apical gland. Fruit a torulose, flattened pod 15-3 2cm long,
2-3cm wide, dark brown, horny and slightly rugose, dehiscing along one suture only;
seeds several, flattened, disc-shaped, 1.5-2cm in diameter, glossy dark brown with small
Flowering from August to September in Central Brazil, and October to January in
north eastern Brazil; fruiting July to August in Central Braxil and November to March in
north eastern Brazil.
4. ESTABLISHED MODERN PHARMACEUTICAL USES
The astringent properties of the Anadenanthera bark have been long used as a popular
medicine due to the content of bufotenine, which is the active ingredient. It is a
hallucinogenic substance and its action Cyclopentolate Hydrochloride Ophthalmic has been scientifically tested in allopathic
5. FOLK MEDICINAL USES
The bark is the part of the tree most used in folk medicine. A decoction of grated
bark is taken for liver complaints. Two spoonsfuls (10 grams) of grated bark is added to
two cups of boiling water. The mixture is removed from the heat and allowed to soak for
20 minutes. It Buy Cyclopentolate is taken warm twice a day.
A syrup made from the bark and resin is taken for bronchitis and quinsy. A decoction
of the bark is taken as a cure for gonorrhea, leucorrhea and as a depurative for the blood.
30 grams of bark are boiled in 5 cups of water for 5 minutes. It is allowed to cool and is
drunk 2 to 3 times a day. Alternatively, pieces of bark (50 grams) are added to a litre of
white wine or sugar cane spirit. It is left to stand for a month and then taken 3 times a
day, after meals.
A decoction of the bark and resin is used for gargling as a cure for pyorrhea, while
a decoction of bark is used for washing to treat leucorrhea and ovarian infection.
A snuff made from the seeds is taken in small quantities as a cure for headaches,
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